The renewable power development pipeline has soared across Asia Pacific according to IHS Markit’s Renewable Additions Index. Around a third of the power projects under construction—or about 80 GW—are set to generate wind, solar, hydro, and other types of renewable power across 16 key regional markets.
Australia leads the index with 89% of capacity under construction being either wind, solar, or biomass power. Japan and South Korea are ranked 2nd and 4th, respectively, due to a large pipeline of offshore wind projects in both countries.
The third place in the region is taken by Vietnam which leads emerging markets, as the country promoted feed-in tariffs to attract investment in solar and wind power.
On the other end of the scale, only 6% of Bangladesh’s power capacity under development is from non-hydro renewable sources, slightly ahead of Myanmar and Thailand, which are 4 and 3% respectively.
“Our ranking shows that income level is not the sole determinant in a country’s willingness to pursue clean energy. Renewable energy is no longer a “rich nation” luxury as its cost continues to decline.” Xizhou Zhou, Vice President Global Power, and Renewables at IHS Markit.
Mainland China remains the largest renewables market in absolute terms accounting for 58% of onshore wind and 33% of solar projects under construction in the region. But it only ranks eighth place overall because of its large coal- and gas-fired power development pipeline.
Many governments in the region have announced clean energy ambitions, while others—including China, Japan, and South Korea—have gone even further to commit to net-zero emissions.
Fossil fuel projects still in the pipeline
Fossil fuel generation projects are still being built in the Asia Pacific, with 192 GW of coal plants and 65 GW of gas-fired power plants currently under construction. China and India together account for 77% of the coal plants being built in the region; for gas-fired power projects, China, Thailand and Bangladesh are the most active in a new build.
“While clean energy is growing rapidly in Asia, many emerging market economies continue to build fossil fuel plants to meet fast-growing baseload demand with 24/7 reliability. Developed countries tend to face less pressure as their power demand growth is much slower or has already peaked, but even nations like Japan and South Korea are still building some coal plants.” Xizhou Zhou, Vice President Global Power, and Renewables at IHS Markit.
The Renewable Additions Index is released every quarter, providing a snapshot of the current power construction and development activities in the Asia Pacific region and tracking both conventional as well as renewable projects.
Methodology of IHS Markit Asia Pacific RAI
The RAI (Renewable Additions Index) draws upon the share of non-hydro renewable power capacity in the project pipeline and divides it by total capacity under development.
The capacity of projects in pre-construction development is discounted by 25%, reflecting uncertainties associated with projects’ permitting, financing, and/or other regulatory and market risks widely observed before projects at early planning stages can move to start construction. Coal- and oil-fired power plants receive an additional 25% discount given high regulatory risks associated with the coal phaseout move in most markets.
In addition to RAI, IHS Markit also issues a Low-Carbon Additions Index (LCAI) which, in addition to non-hydro renewables, also includes hydro, nuclear, hydrogen and other low-carbon generation sources.