Petrochemicals industry in India likely to reach US$100 billion by 2020: study

Growing at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 14 %, petrochemicals industry in India is likely to reach US$100 billion by 2020 from the current size of about US$40 billion.

A recent study titled ‘Indian Petrochemical Industry: An overview,’ by apex industry body Assocham says, “Petrochemicals currently contribute about 30 % to India’s US$120 billion worth chemical industry which is likely to grow at a CAGR of 11 % over next few years and touch US$250 billion by 2020.”

“Petrochemicals sector is one of the fastest growing segments with a growth rate of 13 % which is more than twice of growth of India’s gross domestic product (GDP) and also the global growth rate in petrochemical space which is stagnant at 6 %,” noted the study prepared by the Energy Division of Assocham, as per a press release issued by the industry body.

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“Huge investments made in the petrochemical space bode well for the growth of this segment, besides there is a steadfast growth in the production activity of the main petrochemicals,” said D.S. Rawat, secretary general of Assocham while releasing the findings of the chamber’s study.

“”Polymers, which is the dominant part of Indian petrochemical industry is growing at a superb pace, with the middle class household boosting the consumption and also annually contributes over Rs. 8,000 crores by way of taxes and duties to the national exchequer” said Rawat.

“India stands a good chance in providing a lucrative market to theworld as the general trend in the global petrochemicals market has shifted to the Middle-East and Asia from the West,” he added.

“Encouragement for investment has been another significant growth factor for the petrochemical industry as the capacity of different products is in production, segmentation, and consumption trend of each of the products and so the economies of scale play a very important role in the profit making mechanism of this industry, thereby determining scope of each of the competitors in industry,” further said Rawat.

“The domestic petrochemical industry is in the process of investing over US$25 billion to meet the surging demand, besides to overcome the broad problems of infrastructure, power, water availability and others the Government initiative of PCPIRs will greatly motivate the companies to invest them,” highlighted the study.

Securing feedstock, right product mix, mergers and acquisitions (M&As) opportunities are currently key imperatives for petrochemical industry in India, besides there are lucrative opportunities in segments like specialty chemicals, specialty polymers, for catering to huge emerging domestic demand as also as a manufacturing hub – such initiatives are imperative for realise the growth potential of Indian petrochemicals industry, further noted the study.

Lion’s share for making “Make in India” campaign a success has to be come from Petrochemicals sector, it added.

This industry is divided into few basic petrochemicals including olefins, ethane, propane, aromatic compounds such as benzene, toluene, intermediate petrochemicals, end products, polymers, synthetic fibers, and synthetic rubber, noted the study.

Compared to US and China, India’s per-capita consumption of polymers (PO + PVC) is still in nascent stage, however, opportunity to reach out to a large population and sustain the current economic growth would drive India’s polymer consumption.

India consumes about 5.2 kilograms per capita of polymers as compared to China’s per capita consumption of 30 kilograms. India’s consumption of polymers is about 6.2 million tons, which is only around 3 % of the global consumption of 200 million tons.

While globally, the contribution of petrochemicals to the chemicals sector is about 40 % while in India, this sector accounts for only 25-30 % of the chemicals industry. –